A central challenge for the whole region is assuring an environmentally-friendly and sustainable provision of the energy system, along with meeting both the social and economic objectives of each country. Hence, energy security and sustainable development concerns are highly connected. Therefor in order to identify the energy systems' vulnerabilities, both aspects should be disected hand in hand.
For a proper allocation of the country's energy system challenges, a definition of a system will be introduced, along with the dimensions of both energy security and sustainable development, eventually identifying the possible major vulnerabilities of energy systems.
- Systems are defined as: "Systems that are necessary for the stable functioning of modern societies."
In that regard, the vulnerabilities of an energy system is to be identified according to the potential risks, which might disrupt the system occasioanlly or regularly. Hence, for the purpose of forecatsing these concerns in terms of energy security, 3 dimensions of the energy security have to be selected:
- Adequacy: as the core aspect of the reliability of the system
- Resilience: as the ability of the system to adapt to unpredictable disruptions
- Sovereignty: as rooted in international relations, with regard to energy independence and the country's own control of its energy system
In terms of the energy policy, sustainability mainly aims to:
- Reduction of emissions, so they do not exceed the environment's absorbing capacity.
- Both; extracting non-renewable fuels and developing renewable ones at the same rate.
- Observing and controlling the harvest rates of renewables in order to avoid exceeding generation rates.
Thus within the main 3 conern domains of the concept of sustainability: economic, social and environmental.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Yépez, A. Levy, A. & Valencia, A. M. (2016). The Energy Sector: Opportunities and Challenges. Retrieved From: https://publications.iadb.org/bitstream/handle/11319/7801/The-Energy-Sector-Opportunities-and-Challenges.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Ochaeta, K. (2014). Energy Security and Sustainable Development Implications for Guatemala of the Electricity Generation Expansion Plan 2014-2028. Master thesis in Sustainable Development at Uppsala University. Retrieved From: http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:749642/FULLTEXT01.pdf